King Philip’s War was an armed conflict between the Native Americans of New England and the English colonists that lasted from 1675 to 1678, named after the Wampanoag chief Metacomet, who was known to the English as “King Philip.” It continued in northern New England – primarily Maine – even after Metacomet was killed in 1676, until a treaty was signed at Casco Bay in April of 1678.
Proportionately, it was one of the most devastating wars in the history of North America. More than half of New England’s 90 towns were assaulted by native warriors. For a time in the spring of 1676, it appeared that the entire English population of Massachusetts and Rhode Island might be driven back to a handful of fortified seacoast cities. 1,200 homes were burned, 8,000 cattle lost, and vast stores of foodstuffs destroyed. One in ten soldiers on both sides was injured or killed.[...]
Elizabeth Mather (1618-1690) was part of perhaps the most important Puritan family in America. She and her brother, the Rev. Richard Mather, arrived from Lancashire in 1635 on the James, which was caught in a terrible hurricane off the coast of Maine. Its companion ship, the Angel Gabriel, went down off Pemaquid Point. The James tried to ride out the storm among the Isles of Shoals on the New Hampshire border but lost all three anchors and was about to be dashed on the rocks. From the journals of Mather’s son, Increase:[...]